A previous post looked at some films related to housing, and this post focuses on historical documentary type films that help us to understand what has happened in the past in addressing poor housing conditions, in particular area clearance and redevelopment programmes. This is a complex subject, involving not only physical housing conditions and management, but also what the process of clearance means for communities. Whilst some area redevelopment schemes have been successful and have greatly enhanced people’s lives in so many ways, it would also be true to say that others have not and that some communities never recovered from what was a very top down process, with little regard paid to those affected.
There are a range of places to find historical films, including the Wellcome Collection and the London Metropolitan Archive. At Wellcome, this one is really inspiring and demonstrates the highly progressive approach: Some Activities of the Bermondsey Borough Council (1931), including the Health Centre as well as its Gardens and Beautification Department.
The social documentary Housing Problems (1935) is not currently available as open access, but details and some short clips are available via the BFI. This excellent 12 minute film shows housing urban housing conditions endured by the working classes as well as the then forthcoming modernist flats at Kensal House (see link below) and Quarry Hill at Leeds. Kensal House is still occupied, but Quarry Hill is now demolished. There is more information on these in my book Housing and Hope: the influence of the interwar years in England (2016).
Another key place to search is the British Film Industry archive and in particular these collections:
- BFI: Built out of rubble
- BFI: Promised land
- BFI: Screen online – education
- BFI: Screen online – history
And finally, I have also literally just been made aware of this film, which I am including here because of the backdrop of an area clearance and redevelopment programme in 1974. The 14 stars Jack Wild heading up a young family of 14 children when his mother died, based on a true story.
The following short films are included here for now as what was happening interwar and immediately post WW2 (see also Housing and Hope), but will form the subject of a later post on modernist inspired urban housing:
Le Corbusier – and the houses of the future